About Civil Services Exam

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Pattern Of Exam
A- prelims Exam
1st paper GS- 200 marks
2 nd paper CSAT-200 marks
Written exam pattern after prelims
1st paper English language paper 300 marks qualifying nature only
2nd paper Indian regional language paper 300 marks qualifying nature only
3rd paper Essay paper 250 marks
4th paper. Ist paper GS -History & world geography
Note:-Some portion of this paper like ideologies & world history topics related to Political science paper ,so you can opt political science as an optional paper 5th paper 2nd paper GS -250 marks Indian constitution , polity , social justice , international relation
Note :- this paper completely common with political science so it is better To opt political science as an optional paper because both have common
6 th paper- III GS -250 marks
Paper-IV (250 marks)
General Studies –III
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper-V (250 marks)
General Studies –IV
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Paper-VI (250 marks)
Optional Subject one – Paper 1
Paper-VII (250)
Optional Subject one – Paper 2
Total Marks for Mains Exam – 1750 Interview Marks 275 Marks. Grand Total ( Mains +Interview) – 2025 Marks
Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given in para 2 below (Group 1). However, a candidate can opt for the literatures of a language, indicated in Group-2 below para 2, as an optional subject, only if the candidate has graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject.

(i) Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers (Paper I-VII) will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination.

(ii) For the Language medium/ literature of languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates will be as under:-

Note :
Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Oriya Oriya
Punjabi Gurumukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari

Dogri Devanagari

Maithilli Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki
For Santali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.
2. ListofoptionalsubjectsforMainExamination:
(i)  Agriculture
(ii)  Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
(iii)  Anthropology
(iv)  Botany
(v)  Chemistry
(vi)  Civil Engineering
(vii)  Commerce and Accountancy
(viii)  Economics
(ix)  Electrical Engineering
(x)  Geography
(xi)  Geology
(xii) History
(xiii) Law
(xiv)  Management
(xv)  Mathematics
(xvi)  Mechanical Engineering
(xvii)  MedicalScience
(xviii)  Philosophy
(xix)  Physics
(xx)  Political Science and International Relations
(xxi)  Psychology
(xxii)  PublicAdministration
(xxiii)  Sociology
(xxiv)  Statistics
(xxv) Zoology
Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

Interview Test

The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his/her intellectual qualities but also social traits and his/her interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

2. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.
3. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.

The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.

The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors’ degree and lower than the masters’ degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.

Syllabus of the papers included in the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination are given as follows:-


Essay: Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

English Comprehension & English Precis will be to test the English language Comprehension and English précis writing skills (at 10th standard level).

General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  •  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  •  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  •  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  •  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
    History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonisation, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  •  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  •  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and

    developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  •  Effects of globalization on Indian society
  •  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  •  Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  •  Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub- continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  •  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water- bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  •  Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  •  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  •  Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  •  Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  •  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  •  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  •  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  •  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various

    Constitutional Bodies.

  •  Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  •  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of

    their design and implementation.

  •  Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  •  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  •  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  •  Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  •  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  •  Role of civil services in a democracy.
  •  India and its neighborhood- relations.
  •  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  •  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

    Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  •  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  •  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  •  Government Budgeting.
  •  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  •  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  •  Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  •  Land reforms in India.
  •  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial


  •  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  •  Investment models.
  •  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  •  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  •  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  •  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  •  Disaster and disaster management.
  •  Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  •  Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  •  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  •  Security challenges and their management in border areas; page15image18568linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  •  Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  •  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in page15image23864human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics page15image24480in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  •  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

    Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections.

  •              Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  •              Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  •              Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  •                Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  •                  Case Studies on above issues.


    Optional Subject Papers I & II

    Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given in para 2 (Group 1). However, if a candidate has graduated in any of the literatures of languages indicated in Group-2 , with the literature as the main subject, then the candidate can also opt for that particular literature subject as an optional subject.